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Version: 8 - Apfelstrudel


Engine supports flexible and powerful means of repeatedly running a flow. If you want to set up a schedule without reading through the underlying concept you can refer to the custom scheduler. The custom scheduler comes with a wizard that helps you set up the schedules you need.

To better understand the full capabilities of scheduling with Engine, simply read on.

Use Cases

Use a Schedule to

  • Execute a flow in fixed or flexible time intervals (minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, etc...),
  • Execute a flow on particular days of a calendar,
  • Execute a flow in arbitrary complex intervals,
  • Permanently poll a third party system.


Engine separates

  • the logic which ensures a flow is executed repeatedly (the Scheduler)
  • the configuration how the flow should be scheduled (the Setting)
  • the logic of the flow itself (the Flow)
  • the resource which combines all this (the Schedule)

Using this separation it is possible to use the same scheduler logic (e.g. schedule something daily) for different flows with varying settings (e.g. scheduled at different hours)


As soon as a schedule is enabled Engine will make sure that an active execution of the scheduler exists. If the scheduled execution fails or is cancelled, Engine will re-start it for you.


A scheduler contains the script which implements logic to wait until the next iteration and start the flow.

A scheduler script should start the scheduled flow only once and then end. Engine will take care to start the next iteration. In case of an error in the Scheduler script Engine will wait one minute and start another iteration.


Cancelling a scheduled execution will also result in Engine starting anther iteration after one minute. To stop the schedule, the schedule resource must be disabled or deleted.

import flow_api

def handler(system: flow_api.System, this: flow_api.Execution, inputs: dict):
"""A simple scheduler script which starts the flow every minute"""

# The execution receives the IDs of the referenced setting, flow,
# and schedule resources.
# In this example we'll only use the flow_id
flow = system.flow(inputs['flow_id'], by='id')

# wait one minute

# start the flow

return this.success('all done')


The associated setting contains configuration options for the scheduler. Different schedulers can support different options. E.g. the number of minutes between two iterations, or the time at which to start the flow every day.

time: '09:00'
timezone: 'Europe/Vienna'
days_of_week: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Changing the value of a setting which is used for a schedule does not immediately reload the changed values. It is best practice to restart the schedule after making any changes by disabling and enabling it.


The flow contains the script which is repeatedly executed.

A scheduler might pass context information to the flow execution. Which inputs are passed (if any) is up to the Scheduler script. The information passed can be used to have different behaviour in different iterations or for logging/audit purposes.

Here are some examples:

  • The iteration counter
  • A flag if the current day is a public holiday
  • Email of the operator on shift


The schedule links one scheduler with one setting and one flow. Note that using a setting is always necessary even if the scheduler does not have any configurable parameters (i.e. the whole scheduling logic is described within the scheduler). In this case you can use an empty setting. However, it is recommended that parameters are not hard-coded within schedulers but are instead stored in settings for flexibility and maintainability.

The schedule can be disabled or enabled. Once the schedule is enabled, Engine will immediately start an execution of the scheduler script.

When a schedule is disabled, all currently running executions of the scheduler script are cancelled by Engine.


Changing fields of a schedule does not immediately reload currently running scheduler executions. It is best practice to restart the schedule after making any changes by disabling and enabling it.

Complex schedulers

A scheduler script uses the same syntax as a regular flow script. This means that a scheduler can use arbitrary complex logic, connect to third party systems, and start child executions. Some examples:

  • Connect to a calendar to check the next appointment time
  • Check a weather API when some flow should only run after rain
  • Analyse the status of other executions
  • Check an email inbox

There are two recommendations to keep in mind when designing a scheduler:

  1. Separation of concerns

The scheduler should only contain logic needed to do the scheduling. The referenced flow on the other hand contains the logic which is scheduled.

  1. Reusability

A scheduler should be designed so it can be used for different flows.

Considering those points the examples above should rather be placed in the Flow which is scheduled, than in the scheduler.

Scheduling Bundle

We provide a comprehensive scheduler as part of the freely downloadable Scheduling bundle.

This scheduler gives you a lot of flexibility and ease of use. Some example parameters are:

  • time of the day,
  • calender weeks,
  • holiday calenders,
  • and many more.

With that you can easily configure a schedule that e.g. runs a flow at noon every weekday that is not a public holiday and falls in Q2 of the year.

To set up a new schedule navigate to the flow that you want scheduled and start the process with the help of the plugin action "Create Schedule".

the plugin action in the flow

The form

The wizard will guide you through the configuration options in 4 pages. You can navigate between pages via the buttons in the form, the finalize button lets you skip to the end.

the buttons to navigate through the form

The pages are as follows:

  • Page 1 – Basic configuration (name of the schedule and setting, times and days of week)
  • Page 2 – Extended configuration (months, calendar weeks, exceptions etc.)
  • Page 3 – Miscellaneous (timezone information, additional inputs values etc.)
  • Page 4 – Summary of the given inputs and the confirm button

times and days of week in the form

Once you are on the final page you can double check if the config is correct. With the confirm button you start the schedule. To make sure that the schedule is up and running Engine fetches running executions to look for the scheduled execution that you have just created.

Engine searching for your scheduled execution

Once the scheduled execution is found Engine gives you the OK. Additionally, you get an overview of the next runs, in our case the flow was scheduled for noon on Q2 weekdays that are not an Austrian public holiday.

the overview of the next runs

You have now successfully created and started a new schedule. To modify it navigate to the newly created schedule. Use the toggle button to disable it or use the plugin action "Change Schedule" to edit the configuration via the wizard.

the plugin action in the schedule


As with every schedule, the schedule configuration is stored in a setting. The wizard helps you gather the information then writes it into the setting. To modify the schedule you can also head to the setting and change the values in the setting. Bear in mind that you have to disable then enable the schedule to apply the new configuration.

Configuration options

For all configuration options refer to the Scheduling bundle.

Learn More

Scheduling bundle